Pascal COLOMBANI is a graduate of École normale supérieure (Saint-Cloud) and holds a doctorate in Nuclear Physics. His career has been balanced between research and industry: he started as a research associate at the French National Centre for Scientific Research (CNRS) then joined Schlumberger where he spent almost 20 years in various management positions in Europe, the USA, and Japan. In this last assignment, while President of Schlumberger KK in Tokyo, he also initiated the implantation of an R&D centre in China. Director of Technology at the French Ministry of Research from 1997 to 1999, he became Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) in 2000 until December 2002. He initiated the restructuring of the CEA industrial holdings, resulting in the creation of Areva in 2000, the nuclear engineering conglomerate. He chaired the Supervisory Board of Areva until 2003. Pascal Colombani is chairman of the Advisory Board of A.T. Kearney in Paris and a member of the European Advisory Board of JPMorgan Chase. He is also non-executive chairman of the Board of Directors of Valeo, a member of the board of Alstom, Scia-Saint Honoré, and chairman of the Board of Noordzee Helikopters Vlaanderen (NHV) in Belgium. He is a member of the French Academy of Technologies and of the French National Strategic Council for Research.